Bandaging methods

  • Circular turns

The bandage is applied in a series of overlapping circular turns. This technique is used in minor wounds.


  • Spiral turns

This technique is used on the body parts that are narrowing or widening such as limbs. Each subsequent turn partially overlaps the previous layer, proceeding upwards.

  • Open spiral turns

The technique is a series of turns that do not overlap and are spaced out. This technique is used to attach splints or as a dressing layer for a bandage.


  • Figure of eight turns

This technique is used for bandaging some joints. The figure of eight technique is a series of spiral turns applied in alternate directions.

  • Spica bandage

The spica is a series of figure of eight turns, where each turn overlaps the other. The spica bandage is usually applied in a diverging manner, i.e. the divergent spica or in a converging manner, i.e. the convergent spica. The spica bandage technique is used to bandage cylindrical body parts.

  • Divergent spica

This technique is applied in elbow, knee and heel bandaging. The first circular turn goes over the flexed joint, followed by figure of eight turns away from the centre. The turns overlap the more central one.

  • Convergent spica

The first circular turn goes under or above the joint. This is followed by figure of eight turns where each turn overlaps the one further from the middle. The last turn is brought over the joint.

Each bandaging begins with the loose end placed diagonally (in the bandaging direction) on the body part, followed by an overlapping circular turn.

Spica thumb bandage

The bandaging starts with a circular turn at the wrist, then a turn across the hand and around the thumb. If the thumb needs to be covered, the bandage is folded over the tip several times.




The thumb is bandaged using the Prof. Knobloch technique (aka the thimble) and secured with a circular turn.


The bandage is then applied in the opposite direction from the outside of

the wrist. The figure of eight turns are repeated, with each turn overlapping the previous one.

The bandaging finishes at the wrist. If it is not necessary, the tip of the thumb is left free.


Spica hand bandage

The bandage is applied in a divergent manner. The tips of the fingers are bandaged with a circular turn. The second turn crosses the back of the hand towards the thumb, which remains free.


This is followed by horizontal turns across the palm. The turns continue to cross the back nof the hand up to the tip of the little finger. The back of the hand is entirely covered with spica turns.

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