These are compression (constricting) bandages, which are attached for the treatment of venous conditions in the lower limbs and often for heart failure.
Elastic bandages are also used to support the muscles in the lower limbs, thereby supporting and improving venous blood return. There are ankle, calf and thigh bandages. Also available are glove type bandages and shoulder sling bandages
They are produced in three compression classes:
1. weak compression – attached to subjective complaints;
2. moderate compression – used in chronic venous diseases;
3. strong compression – mainly used for significant swellings.
The bandage is attached in the morning, before the patient gets out of bed. An elastic bandage can be used to bandage a leg from the toes upwards. The bandage created compression should be strongest at the ankle and gradually abate towards the knee.
Splints are used for the fixation of bone and joint injuries. They are made of different materials in various sizes.
Air splints are mainly used in first aid for the fixation of the arms and legs; they are made of plastic.
The air splints are applied like a double sleeve or trousers and filled with air.
Thermoplastic sectional splints are used for the fixation of small bone fractures in limbs. They are heated in hot water or by air at 70 – 90 °C for approx. 1-2 minutes and moulded into the desired shape for about 1 minute.
The splint achieves the desired fixation shape after 5 minutes.
Other types of splints are made of lightweight perforated but strong materials with various modifications (length, position).