Plaster bandages are impregnated with plaster. They provide reliable fixation of the broken bone.
It is a hydrofile bandage which is impregnated with fine plaster. The bandages are wrapped in moisture-proof packaging; moisture would harden the plaster and the bandage would be spoiled.
Before use, the bandage is soaked in a 40°C hot water; the bandage is not moved at this point so as not to spill the plaster. Then it is removed and gently wrung and then immediately attached. Attaching requires experience as it must be done quickly – the time for moulding the bandage is short
(2 - 3 minutes).
Plasters are used to reinforce bandages. They are made of woven and nonwoven fabric, which is coated with rubber resin or with non-irritating polyacrylate adhesive. They are applied to dry and clean skin. Their most common use is in the fixation of bandages, probes, peripheral cannulas, etc.
Traditional plasters are made in skin coloured strips with an adhesive layer of rubber resin. They are very sticky, difficult and painful to remove from the skin. They are made in widths from 1.5 – 30 cm, and can be perforated.
Artificial silk plasters – solid fixation patches made of artificial silk with strong adhesion. They are used in patients with sensitive skin and are porous and water vapour permeable, so that the skin can breathe. They can be used to attach probes, cannulas and catheters and for fixation of all types of dressings. They can be easily removed and do not leave unwanted adhesive residues on the skin.
Plasters made of porous and transparent foil are hypoallergenic, porous and transparent, suitable for fixation of all types of dressings, for transparent fixation of cannulas, probes, catheters etc. They are also suitable for patients with sensitive skin.
Plasters from soft nonwoven material are porous and water vapour permeable, the skin can breathe and does not sweat. They are ideal for patients with particularly sensitive skin. They do not cause maceration even with long-term and large area fixation of dressings.