Artificial respiration (rescue breathing)

In clients who have stopped breathing it is essential to give mouth -tomouth, mouth-to-nose, or mouth-to-mouth-and-nose ventilation until normal respiratory function is restored. If the client’s breathing and pulse have stopped cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) must be initiated immediately.


  • Check airway is clear as previously described and remove any obvious obstruction
  • Check for breathing
  • Look for chest movements
  • Listen for breath sounds
  • Feel for breath on your cheek
  • Look, listen and feel for no more than 10 seconds. If the client is not breathing get help, then:
  • Lie client flat on their back (supine)
  • Tilt head and lift chin
  • Pinch the client’s nose
  • Take a deep breath
  • Place your lips securely around the client’s mouth
  • Blow into the client’s mouth for approximately 2 seconds, watching for the chest rising
  • If chest fails to rise recheck position and airway
  • Remove your lips from the client’s mouth and allow the chest to fall
  • Repeat at a rate of 10 breaths per minute until the client starts to breathe on their own
  • Place client in recovery position once normal respiratory function is restored
  • Seek assistance