Monitoring blood pressure
Blood pressure is the pressure exerted on resisting artery walls as blood is forced through from the heart.
Monitoring a client’s blood pressure measurements helps nursing and medical staff to establish the ability of the client’s arteries to fill with blood, the efficiency of the heart as a pump, and the volume of circulating blood.
It is normally taken using the arm but the thigh can also be used if required.
There are two types of blood pressure:
Factors that may influence blood pressure include:
Blood pressure measurement
Monitoring a client’s blood pressure forms part of the assessment of vital signs and assists nursing and medical staff in determining the client’s cardiovascular status, general health and well-being.
The only pieces of equipment needed are an appropriate device and a stethoscope (if required).
It is recommended that you use an electronic device for infants and children as the pulse is generally difficult to hear.
The most commonly used devices are:
All the devices measure in millimetres of mercury, usually expressed as